Know Your Bible Course

By Gene Tope

I. THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH

There is but one true church! This is the church we read of in the Bible. It is the church that was purchased by the blood of Christ (Acts 20:28) and started by the apostles. One must be in this church to be saved. It is these facts we wish to demonstrate to the student in this lesson.

It is our intention in this study to consider the church as it was originally. That means that we must go back beyond all modern day denominationalism, back beyond the formation of the Roman Catholic church, back to the days of the apostles: almost 2,000 years ago! We believe that from such a study one can see what the church should be like today.

Pentecost - The Church's Birthday (Acts 2)

Acts 2 tells us how the church actually came into existence. You will recall from our last lesson how Peter and the eleven, having been baptized with the Holy Spirit, were enabled to tell a great audience what they must do to obtain salvation. When the people were moved to ask, "What shall we do?" Peter told them to repent and be baptized (vs. 38). The record says, "Then those who gladly received his word were baptized; and that day about three thousand souls were added to them" (verse 41). Acts 2 closes with this explanation: "And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved."

From Acts 2, we learn the following important things:

  1. All those who obeyed Peter's preaching were saved from their sins.
  2. All the saved were added to the church. There were no saved people in Jerusalem outside the church. The New Testament teaches that being saved and being added to the church occur at the same time.
  3. God does the adding. This is not man's work. We do not read of anyone "joining the church" in the New Testament times.
  4. Acts 2 marks the beginning of the church Jesus promised to build.

QUESTIONS ON SECTION I
  1. The _______ was purchased by the blood of Christ.
    Law of Moses
    Bible
    church
    Old Testament
  2. Which Bible passage tells us of the birthday of the church?
    Acts 4
    Mark 4
    Acts 2
    Luke 3
  3. The ________ enabled the apostles to preach the Gospel.
    devil
    Jewish leaders
    Roman governor
    Holy Spirit
  4. "The _____ added to the ______ daily those who were being _______."
    apostles; assembly; baptized
    Lord; church; saved
    Romans; prisons; converted to Christ
    Jewish council; synagogue; proselytized
  5. A study of the original church shows what the church should be like today.
    True
    False
  6. About 3,000 people were baptized on the day of Pentecost.
    True
    False
  7. The Lord did not add all of the saved to the church.
    True
    False
II. THE WORSHIP OF THE EARLY CHURCH

It is both interesting and profitable to notice how the church of Christ worshipped. A study of the Jerusalem church is especially helpful in discussing this topic. Acts 2:42 tells us: "And they continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayer." Four activities are mentioned here that we will consider in order. To continue in the apostles' doctrine would mean that the early disciples both heard and obeyed the teachings of the apostles. As inspired men, their teachings were equal to the inspiration of Old Testament writings (see 2 Peter 3:2). Hence the disciples listened reverently and eagerly to these Spirit-led men.

The word fellowship means "joint participation" or "a sharing together," and, of course, this plays a vital role in Christianity. We are to have fellowship with God and fellow Christians. One special phase of fellowship is the giving of our money to the service of God. From the very beginning, the disciples were noted for such generosity (see Acts 4:32, 34, 35). Christ is the Christians' example here inasmuch as He became poor for our sakes that we might become rich through His sacrifice (2 Corinthians 8:9). The New Testament teaches that Christians are to give according to their prosperity every first day of the week (1 Corinthians 16:1,2).

The breaking of bread refers to the Lord's Supper and not to the eating of a common meal (1 Corinthians 10:16). This very important part of worship was instituted on the night of our Lord's betrayal. Every faithful Christian is to partake both of the bread and the cup which recall the Lord's body and blood. Some ask, "How often should we partake?" Early disciples broke the bread every first day of the week; every Sunday (Acts 20:7). As this is undoubtedly the inspired record and as it received the approval of the apostle Paul, it would behoove all those wanting to follow the divine pattern to do likewise each Lord's day.

Prayer has always been a most blessed privilege of worship. The Jerusalem disciples continued steadfastly in such supplications to God. Prayer can properly be counted as an act of worship because in it we praise God and show our dependence on Him (Matthew 6:9-13). God answers the prayers of only those wanting to do His will (1 Peter 3:12).

Singing, though not mentioned specifically in Acts 2:42, must be included in the worship of early Christians. In Colossians 3:16 we read, "Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom, teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord." It is significant that though David in Old Testament times used various musical instruments, New Testament Christians always sang their praised unaccompanied by such. The command and example in each place in the New Testament is to "sing."

QUESTIONS:
  1. Acts 2:42 mentions four activities of _______ the Jerusalem church engaged in.
    socialization
    recreation
    worship
    education
  2. As inspired men the "apostles' ________" were equal to the inspiration of Old Testament writings.
    poems
    songs
    opinions
    teachings
  3. The New Testament teaches that Christians are to _____ according to their _____ every _____ day of the week.
    sing; ability; seventh
    tithe; salary; first
    give; prosperity; first
    rest; reverence for God; Sabbath
  4. "Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to _______, Paul, ... spoke to them" (Acts 20:7).
    eat a common meal
    break bread
    have a fellowship supper
    socialize
  5. In _________ various musical instruments were used in worship.
    the early church
    the apostles' travels
    New Testament times
    Old Testament times
  6. The saved continued steadfastly together.
    True
    False
  7. The word "fellowship" means "joint participation."
    True
    False
  8. The New Testament does not teach Christians how they ought to give.
    True
    False
  9. The term "breaking of bread" never refers to the Lord's Supper.
    True
    False
  10. The New Testament teaches that the Lord's Supper may be partaken of any day during the week.
    True
    False
  11. The command and example in each place in the New Testament is to "sing."
    True
    False
  12. In New Testament times, Christians gave and partook of the Lord's Supper on _______.
    the first day of the week (Sunday)
    Friday night
    Wednesday evening
    the Sabbath (Saturday)
  13. God's people used instruments of music in worship in _______.
    both Old and New Testament eras
    neither Old nor New Testament eras
    the Old Testament era
    the New Testament era
  14. 1 Corinthians 16:1,2 teaches Christians to _______.
    sing
    pray
    give as they prosper
    tithe
  15. III. NEW TESTAMENT UNITY

    As the Jerusalem church is a model to be followed in worship, so it is also in its display of unity: "Now the multitude of those who believed were of one heart and one soul (Acts 4:32). Such harmony was not a mere accident, but rather an answer to Christ's prayer that all His disciples might "be one" (John 17:21-23).

    It was never Christ's intention that there should be many churches. Indeed, the New Testament recognizes only ONE. "I will build my church," Jesus said. Years later, as the church spread all over the world, Paul could write the Ephesians and exhort them to "keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace" because there is only "one Lord, one faith, one baptism" (Ephesians 4:3-6). In the same vein, Paul told the Corinthians that there is "but one body" (1 Corinthians 12:12, 13, 20).

    Possibly the closest we can come to finding denominationalism in the Bible is 1 Corinthians 1:10-13 where religious division is scathingly rebuked. To the parties within the Corinthian church, Paul asks, "Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?" As the answer to all these questions is clearly negative, it must follow that: 1) Christ's disciples ought not to be divided. 2) Christ's disciples ought not to wear men's names. 3) Christ's disciples ought not to follow men (even great ones like Paul or Peter). If people would keep these things in mind, there could be no divisions, no denominations!

    The amazing unity of the early church came about because "they continued steadfastly in the apostle's doctrine," whereas the creeds and doctrines of human council always produce strife and division. God's word provides the basis for true fellowship: "But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin" (1 John 1:7).

    QUESTIONS:
    1. Christ prayed that His disciples would all be one.
      True
      False
    2. Paul said there was "but one body."
      True
      False
    3. According to Ephesians 4:5, those in the one body would have many faiths.
      True
      False
    4. Paul approved of the divisions in the church at Corinth.
      True
      False
    5. The creeds and doctrines of men produce religious unity.
      True
      False
    6. "And the multitude of those who believed were ________." (Acts 4:32)
      of one heart and of one soul
      following different creeds
      divided in doctrine
      converted by Peter and Paul
    7. Jesus said, "I will build _______."
      my denominations
      my church
      many churches
      my churches
    8. "Is ______ divided? Was Paul ______ for you? Or were you ______ in the name of Paul?" (1 Corinthians 1:13)
      the Gospel; praying; teaching
      man; pleading; preaching
      the church; imprisoned; converted
      Christ; crucified; baptized
    9. The amazing unity of the early church came about because "they ________ steadfastly in ________." (Acts 2:42)
      met; the recreation room
      played; the gymnasium
      worshipped; their individual ways
      continued; the apostles' doctrine
    10. ______ provides the basis for ______ fellowship.
      God's word; true
      Eating together; Christian
      Recreation; good
      A human creed; common
    IV. CHURCH ORGANIZATION

    Simply stated, the New Testament government was congregational in form. Each congregation was independent of all others in rule, yet closely tied together by fellowship. This may be learned by observing that church officers were appointed in every congregation: "So when they had appointed elders in every church [. . .]" (Acts 14:23). "And appoint elders in every city" (Titus 1:5). The New Testament elder is also called a "bishop." The qualifications for this office are set forth in Titus 1:5-9. Their work is discussed in 1 Peter 5:1-4 where Peter talks of three distinct responsibilities: 1) feeding the flock of God, 2) taking the oversight, 3) being an example.

    The modern denominational practice is to place one bishop over many churches, but in the New Testament order, it is many bishops (elders) over one church (Acts 14:23, Titus 1:5, Philippians 1:1). Since the New Testament does not speak of higher officers, such as "archbishop," "cardinal," or "Pope," we must conclude that the elders were the only rulers, and the extent of their rule was only over a local group: "the flock of God which is among you" (1 Peter 5:2).

    QUESTIONS:
    1. Elders were ordained in every church.
      True
      False
    2. Elders in New Testament times were also called "bishops."
      True
      False
    3. The New Testament order was one bishop (archbishop) over many churches.
      True
      False
    4. The New Testament government was congregational in form.
      True
      False
    5. The extent of the elders' rule was only over a local group.
      True
      False
    V. THE MISSION OF THE CHURCH

    When we speak of the mission of the church, we mean its purpose for existing, and the work it is to do. The Bible tells us that Christ died to purchase the church (Acts 20:28); therefore, it must have a most valuable purpose in existing. It does! The work of the church is spiritual, designed both to minister to man and to glorify God. In 1 Timothy 3:15, we are told that the church is the "pillar and ground of truth." As such, the church must teach the Word of God in two directions, both without and within. Lost and dying sinners must have the Gospel preached to them, Christians must be further taught and edified. The church is God's exclusive organization in accomplishing this task (1 Timothy 3:15, Ephesians 4:15, 16).

    As a third work of the church, we must mention that Christians helped one another in times of need. We have already seen how the Jerusalem Christians shared with their needy brethren (Acts chapters 2 and 4). We are further told that Christians in far off places sent relief to needy brethren elsewhere (Acts 11:27-30). In 1 Corinthians 16:1, 2 divine instructions are given showing how these funds were to be raised.

    Some would like to make the mission of the church purely "social." These believe that the church exists as a center to provide companionship, entertainment, and fun. Others see the church as a kind of "glorified" Red Cross, designed to meet the material needs of the world. All such efforts are doomed to failure. They fade into insignificance when we compare them to the true and glorious mission of the church. Paul said, "For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit" (Romans 14:17).

    The Church's Mission
    1. Preach to the Lost
    2. Teach Christians
    3. Help Poor Saints
    QUESTIONS:
    1. The church is "the ________ of the truth." (1 Timothy 3:15)
      manifestation
      denomination
      pillar and ground
      glory and perfection
    2. Who must have the Gospel preached to them?
      Christians
      saints
      sinners
      angels
    3. What is the mission (work) of the church?
      social
      political
      economical
      spiritual
    4. Disciples sent "relief to the _______" during times of need. (Acts 11:29)
      poor
      hungry
      homeless
      brethren
    5. "For the kingdom of God is not __________."
      joy and peace
      eating and drinking
      judgement and condemnation
      righteousness and love
    VI. DOES CHRIST'S CHURCH EXIST TODAY?

    We have studied the church as it is revealed in Scripture and as it existed 2,000 years ago. Does that church exist today? We do not mean some denomination that is somewhat like it, but the exact church of Christ? We are glad to say: "YES." Notice first of all that the Bible tells us Christ's church was to continue throughout all ages (Ephesians 3:21). Secondly, we have a description of the church of Christ in the Bible. All those today desiring to pattern themselves after it may do so. In fact, this is just the way you can identify the true church today: study the Bible, noting all the characteristics of the church. You will want to consider its NAME, DOCTRINE, ORGANIZATION, UNITY, MISSION, WORSHIP. Then, seek out the church that fits the Bible pattern. Don't be satisfied with anything less. There are probably New Testament Christians meeting in your area, and you should want to be worshipping and working with them. We will be glad to assist you in locating the church of Christ nearest you.

    If you are interested in becoming simply a Christian, we want to assist you. Won't you write us today, letting us know your desire?

    QUESTIONS:
    1. Christ's church exists today.
      True
      False
    2. Christ's church is a denomination.
      True
      False
    3. It is possible to follow only the Bible.
      True
      False
    What We Have Learned From This Lesson
    • There is only one true church
    • God adds baptized believers to that church
    • The church of Christ exists today
    • By following only the Bible you can be part of Christ's church

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Copyright (c) Know Your Bible Course 2011